The Low Carbon Label and the National Low Carbon Strategy

Adopted to meet the climate objectives of the French National Low-Carbon Strategy, the Label Bas-Carbone is the first voluntary climate certification framework in France.

The context

Carbon footprint of food in France - Source: The energy and carbon footprint of food in France, ADEME, January 2019

The Paris Agreements, signed 5 years ago, set up a sustainable and ambitious international framework for cooperation on climate change to limit warming and achieve a global balance between greenhouse gas emissions and removals.

France's objective for reducing its greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris agreements is to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The agricultural sector currently contributes 17% of total emissions, in the form of direct or indirect emissions.

According to various concordant sources (ADEME, Climagri), 2/3 of the carbon footprint of food is linked to crop production.

GHG emissions and absorption in France in 2017 - Source: SITEPA, Stratégie Nationale du Bas Carbone

France has a roadmap: the National Low-Carbon Strategy (SNBC) to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. It concerns all sectors of activity and must be supported by all: citizens, local authorities and businesses.

Its two ambitions are to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and to reduce the carbon footprint of the French. 

Guidelines are then put in place to implement the transition to a low-carbon economy in all sectors, including agriculture.

For this purpose, there are now carbon budgets, emission ceilings that must not be exceeded in five-year periods until 2033.

The Low-Carbon Label

Low carbon label - MyEasyCarbon

Launched by the government in 2019, it allows projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration in all sectors (forestry, agriculture, transport, building, waste, etc.) to be certified and valued economically. 

Adopted to meet the climate objectives
of the French Low-Carbon Strategy (SNBC), the Low-Carbon Label is the first voluntary climate certification framework in France.

Agriculture can be involved in this label, in particular by increasing soil organic matter through various agronomic techniques (agroecology, conservation agriculture).

4 per 1000 study

In June 2019,INRAE delivered a study, carried out at the request of Ademe and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, on the potential for carbon storage in soils in France. Using an original methodology, the study was able to assess this potential and estimate the cost of implementing it region by region, with a view to achieving the 4 per 1000 target. The "4 per 1000 on soils for food security and climate" initiative was launched at the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference.

This study was conducted by INRAE's Delegation for Collective Scientific Expertise, Forecasting and Studies (DEPE). The BANCO model, combining agronomic simulations and cost calculations, was used to optimise the storage effort to be implemented.

Article written by Maxence, MyEasyCarbon Product Manager at MyEasyFarm.

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